read about books being written on papyrus rolls & then on
parchment pages in books called "codex". Can you tell
me what this means and what were the first codex books?
have turned to the book, "The Art & History of Books"
by Norma Levarie for information.
codex book is made of folded leaves bound at one side. The form
was doubtless first suggested by the GReen and Roman habit of
fastening several wax-filled wooden tablets along one side to
provide space for longer notes or letters. The British Museum
has two perfect examples of these bound wax tablets, one with
seven leaves and the other with six. The six-leaved tabled must
have beloned to a Greek school boy of the third century B.C.;
it has school notes scratched into it and a crude little drawing.
The Latin name for the multiple tablets was "codex,"
signifying "something made of wood." In the time of
Ccero, the first century before Christ, the name "codex"
was given to collections of laws or constitutions of the emperors,
which for convenience of reference must have been made of side-bound
first books using this style were written in uncials and were
to be the books of the next thousand years and more. In the
first century after the death of Jesus, by the end of the fist
century A.D., they had a foothold in every important town in
the Roman Empire. The rising church was eager to distinguish
its scriptures from pagan writings. The papyrus scroll was associated
with pagan literature; the Christian Church chose parchment
and the codex format.